THC calms the mind
The article is not about the debate whether smoking cannabis is good for health or not. The sole point here is to find out the manner in which marijuana or pot or weed, whatever you may call it, impacts the brain and results in the so-called euphoria. It is all about how the constituents present in cannabis, i.e. THC and CBD, leave a lasting impression on your brain. The leaf and small bud of the cannabis plant are made up of a large number of chemical compounds but the studies are mainly focused around cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
The initial effect
Although CBD has been mainly used for medicinal purposes, it certainly assists in relaxing and calming down the senses of a smoker. The truth is that cannabidiol has a wide range of rock star benefits and left scientists confused about how to convert it to a useful drug. The cannabinoids inside cannabis have the ability to used as treatments for anxiety, cancer, Parkinson’s disease and schizophrenia. CBD also has antipsychotic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. THC is considered to be the most psychoactive component of cannabis and is mainly responsible for the euphoric effects as well as the physical side effects which can result due to smoking. There is no doubt about the fact that smoking can render feelings of relaxed inhibitions, loss of concentration, euphoria, drowsiness, fragmentary thoughts, paranoia, sudden panic and impaired memory. It is also responsible for some kind of physical effects such as dry mouth, increased appetite, heart rate and red eyes.
Smoking enables you to get quicker responses from THC. The drug has the ability to react with your brain in seconds and reaches deep down to the brain cells called neurons. THC, the psychoactive element, replicates the actions of a natural neurotransmitter known as anandamide. Anandamide is generally known as bliss molecule due to its ability to increase learning and memory, stimulating appetite and reducing pain. Anandamide generally combines with dopamine and the combination of the neurotransmitters switch off and on various chemical pathways depending on the needs. THC combines with cannabinoid receptors CB1 & CB2 which are placed in various brain parts such as basal ganglia, cerebellum, cerebral cortex and hippocampus. It is these sections of the brain which affect learning, unaware muscle movements, short-term memory, problem-solving, coordination, etc. While binding with the cannabinoid receptors, it affects the functioning of natural neurotransmitters which require to get attached to the sites for the proper working of the body. This results in disturbing the balance between dopamine and anandamide thereby leading to ravenous, euphoric or off-balance feeling.
The long-term scenario
If you are looking at the long-term effects of THC, then you should keep a check on various factors such as the strength of cannabis grade consumed, experience with the drug, mode of drug ingestion and whether it is utilized together with alcohol or drugs. Although the instantaneous effects start kicking in after some seconds and continue for around one hour, the chemicals stay inside the body for a longer period.